Moreover, it is in ASEAN’s best interest to protect the health of migrants as it pursues the regional path toward collective social progress and economic prosperity. More importantly, this study highlights a common trait identified throughout the whole case series — political will and strategic engagement of key stakeholders are the key factors for successful programmes implementation. In total 12 case studies on innovation were found in six ASEAN countries, categorised into three interventions: Given these developments, a further increase in population mobility within the region can be expected in the coming years. Of the 35 participating hospitals in , some are corporatized public entities e.
Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Meanwhile, government subsidies for health are not sufficiently reaching the poor. The opening of healthcare markets promises substantial economic gains but intensifies existing challenges to promote equitable access to healthcare within countries 6. We acknowledge that there are challenges in inter-sectoral collaboration, and we do not attempt to simplify the complex nature of stakeholder engagement and collaboration. Validity of the medical license is a sensitive issue, at least from the Thai perspective. Thailand adopted the USA’s 3-step approach that aims to check pre-clinical knowledge, clinical knowledge, and clinical skills. Production capacity has been expanding in public and private medical schools, and the government continues to send medical students abroad on scholarships to receive their training to meet HR needs
Beyond pilot success, the bigger challenge is scaling up. The network aims to aseann regional collaboration and cross-country sharing of ideas and best practices within the ASEAN region.
While Indonesia’s very young UHC system will still have integratiion focus its resources toward covering its non-moving citizens for now, the Philippines, however, provides a template for predominantly sending middle-income countries on ensuring inclusion of outbound migrants in universal coverage. In Myanmar, inthe Government has endorsed the goal of achieving UHC by with aims to improve the health status of the poor and vulnerable, especially women and children.
This insider’s information was quite reliable but might be incomplete. OWWA provides a wide range of services, from accident, burial, and disability benefits to medical, repatriation, and livelihood assistance. The interviews were conducted from January through December by a multidisciplinary team with filupino backgrounds and experience, including: On the other hand, a critical mass of physicians is needed to sustain and enhance the medical education enterprise.
For example, a series of dialogues has already been undertaken to explore how these countries can jointly address health policy, financing, and care delivery issues for migrants crossing the Thai border One of the major challenges faced during the conduct of this review is the dearth of literature examining migrant health in general, and migrant health in connection to UHC or health systems in particular.
To search for relevant information on the MLEs, we included data from the ten national authorities potentially responsible for MLEs of each country as our primary data source. In terms of epidemiological transition, ASEAN is a hotspot for emerging infectious diseases, including those with pandemic potential.
In Vietnam, almost two thirds of the population is covered by health insurance. In Thailand, access to healthcare is limited by the availability of service delivery, particularly health workforce.
In addition, two service sub-sectors in the healthcare industry have been specifically targeted for progressive liberalization, namely 1 health services, covering hospital services including psychiatric hospitalsand the services of medical laboratories, ambulances, and residential healthcare other than hospitals; and 2 the services of medical professionals, including medical and dental professionals, midwives, nurses, physiotherapists, and paramedical personnel Increasing health literacy and awareness of disease conditions among patients was also a key strategy through most of the case studies.
On the contrary, the movement of both medical practitioners and patients from other countries into Thailand is more likely but the impact on health systems is inconclusive.
For more serious cases, it is not uncommon for employers to quickly repatriate workers in order to avoid paying for medical inregration Two interesting concepts emerged from the interviews. In Cambodia inthe rates of catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment were 4. Partnership constructs are widely advocated in order to implement strategies to influence the wider determinants of health and health inequalities, and thus secure population sssay improvement.
However, civil servants and private sector employees are not covered at all by insurance, while certain vulnerable groups such as the elderly and disabled are excluded from the user fee exemption scheme.
Moreover, in general, the benefits are still not the same as the ones made available to Thai citizens under UCS; examples of services not provided for CMHI members but guaranteed to UCS members include as therapy for psychotic and substance abuse patients, dental prosthesis, hemodialysis, and kidney transplant This, from the interviewee’s perspective, seems to result in a sense of domination by country A.
As health-financing reform is complex, institutional capacity to generate evidence and inform policy is essential and should be strengthened Interestingly, Malaysia uses only English rather than its native language. Globally, over 3 billion people — many of them in the poorest half of the world’s population — must pay out of pocket OOP for health services.
Across ASEAN countries, funding has been inadequate for investing in infrastructure and installing medical equipment in disadvantaged provincial and district health facilities 6 Information should be free and publicly accessible.
The third scheme, MediFund, constitutes the final safety net for needy Singaporean patients. More of the same or wholesale transfers of developed world models will be ineffective and filjpino to financially unsustainable programmes or programmes lacking appropriate human capital. Readrr the CMHI, health benefits, including outpatient and inpatient care, are linked to the hospital where the migrant was registered and screened Ten out of thirteen interviewees said basic science and clinical knowledge examination should be executed in a common language like English.
This was then followed up by a call to the respective informants to gather more details of the project leader information and to also verify that the participants met the checklist criteria. Utilization of healthcare overseas is also covered by PhilHealth; however, members pay out-of-pocket first to be later reimbursed in contrast to utilization in the Philippines, in which PhilHealth directly pays intsgration accredited healthcare provider.